Explore the Natural Beauty of Ayiramthengu in Kollam

Ayiramthengu, located in the Kollam district of Kerala, is a picturesque village that is known for its natural beauty and traditional culture. This village is surrounded by lush greenery, pristine beaches, and the famous Ashtamudi Lake. Ayiramthengu is a great tourist destination for those who are looking for a peaceful and tranquil getaway. The village is home to a variety of different cultures, including the Hindu, Muslim, and Christian communities.

The people of Ayiramthengu are known for their friendly and welcoming nature. Visitors can explore the many local attractions, such as the Kollam Temple, the ancient ruins at Ayiramthengu, and the local markets. The main attraction of Ayiramthengu is the Ashtamudi lake, which is a popular spot for fishing, boating, and picnicking. The lake is also home to a variety of different species of birds and animals, making it an ideal spot for bird watching. Ayiramthengu is also home to some of the most beautiful beaches in Kerala.

Maintained by the State Fisheries Department, the Mangrove Forest in Ayiramthengu is a popular tourist attraction in Kollam district.  A 25-acre spread of mangroves, Ayiramthengu has a rich ecosystem with a multitude of creatures both aquatic and terrestrial. The place also has ponds strictly preserved for fishing. Another major attraction is an ancient church established by the Portuguese. One can see the red mangroves, the rare Lumnitzera Racemosa species here. This biodiversity haven is also home to a colony of otters as well as a wide variety of migratory birds.

The beaches are often filled with tourists, and you can relax and enjoy the sun and the sea. Some of the popular beaches include Thangassery, Varkala, and Kollam Beach. The village is also home to some of the best restaurants and hotels in Kerala. Here, you can enjoy traditional Kerala cuisine and indulge in some of the best seafood dishes. Ayiramthengu is a great place to visit for those looking to experience authentic village life and the beauty of nature. With its stunning natural beauty, friendly locals, and plethora of activities, Ayiramthengu is an ideal destination for a relaxing and enjoyable holiday.

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Exploring the Beauty of Azhikal Beach

Azhikal Beach is an amazing tourist destination located in the beautiful state of Kerala in India. It is situated in Kollam district and is one of the most beautiful beaches in the area. This beach has a lot to offer for those who want to enjoy a relaxing and fun holiday.

Visitors can spend their time sunbathing, swimming, and enjoying the crystal clear waters. There are plenty of activities to engage in, from water sports to beach volleyball. One can also take a stroll along the shoreline and take in the stunning views of the Arabian Sea. The beach is known for its clean sand and the abundance of natural beauty. For those who want to explore the local culture, Azhikal beach is the perfect place to do so. The nearby villages offer a glimpse into the traditional way of life in Kerala. Visitors can also visit the local temples and explore the history of the area.

The best time to visit Azhikal beach is during the months of October to March. The weather at this time of year is generally pleasant and the beach is usually less crowded. The Quilon Beach Hotel is the perfect place to stay during a visit to Azhikal beach.

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Ashtamudi Lake

Ashtamudi Lake, Kollam

Ashtamudi Lake, Kollam also known as the ‘The Gateway to Backwaters’ is one of the most visited tourist destinations in India. It is the second largest lake in Kerala with running distance of 16KM and flows into the Arabian Sea through the Neendakara estuary. Ashtamudi lake is also known to be the final destination of Kallada River. Ashtamudi lake is known for its panoramic beauty and eight channels that connects to one lake. It is because of its eight ‘arms’ or channels, that the lake is named Ashtamudi. 

The Ashtamudi Lake, kollam is surrounded by lush green trees and swaying coconut palms. This place is so beautiful that tourists from different parts of the country and abroad, visit this natural paradise to catch a glimpse of one of many splendours of Ashtamudi. Once you are in the vicinity of Ashtamudi Lake, its wonderful aura can be easily felt. You will definitely be surprised by its vast stretch with numerous houseboats chilling on its surface and the several birds producing melody all around, eventually getting you lost in the ecstasy of nature. 

A lot of tourists come here to experience boat ride, which gives a glimpse of village life, natural habitat, and abundant flora. It experiences a tropical climate with heavy rainfall during the monsoon season. Therefore, it is advisable to avoid visiting Ashtamudi Lake during this time. If you are looking forward to enjoying the best of Ashtamudi lake, Kollam then the best time to visit this wondrous beauty is from November until the end of March when climatic conditions are cool and pleasant. 

You can take a flight to Trivandrum airport and then from there take a bus or hire a cab to Kollam. Trivandrum airport is situated at an approximate distance of 60 km from Kollam. By Rail: Kollam has a good rail connectivity to the nearby major cities and towns. You can catch a train directly to Kollam railway station. By Road: Ashtamudi Lake is well connected to every city and town and hence, is easily accessible by road. Ashtamudi Lake is just 1.5 KM from Kollam Beach and The Quilon Beach Hotel. So one can book their stay at the beach and spend their day at the backwaters. Being one of the most beautiful places in India, Kerala is dotted with innumerable natural marvels. Rightly entitled, God’s Own Country, Kerala never fails to surprise its visitors with its delightful backwaters dazzling amid a blissful environment. Ashtamudi Lake is one such unbelievable beauty of Kerala which has been attracting thousands of tourists since ages. The major speciality of this glamorous lake lies in its speechless and convincing charm which enhances bit by bit throughout the year.  Today, Ashtamudi Lake, Kollam is more of a commercial centre as it has been witnessing innumerable tourists every year on account of its exotic beauty spread all across the town. 

The journey of travellers in Kerala is always incomplete unless they have experienced the thrill of riding houseboat and roamed on the surface of the backwaters. Ashtamudi Lake is popular amongst tourists for its houseboat and lake resorts. Well, visit Ashtamudi Lake and find yourself lost in its speechless beauty. Who would not want to take home few perennial memories from God’s Own Country? Glittering backwaters under the shade of the picturesque sky will definitely leave you awestruck. Capture all such moments and sceneries in your camera so that you can relish and feel them forever. 

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Image of Thanni Beach Sunset

Thanni Beach a must visit attraction in Kollam.

Thanni beach is located 10 Km from Kollam Town along the coastal strip near to Mayyanadu. Thanni beach is situated alongside the mayyanadu-paravoor backwaters and is an ideal holiday spot.You can reach the beach via the coastal road from Kollam Beach and also from Mayyanadu via Thanni bridge. Mayyanad is a village in Kollam district in the state of Kerala, India. Mayyanad is located in the south western suburbs of Kollam district, Kollam city about 10 kilometres south of the city centre and 6 kilometres north of Paravur Town. Thanni Beach a must visit attraction in Kollam according to Kerala Tourism Guide.

Thanni Beach is less crowded and mostly calm for those who love to spend some time alone watching the waves and it is sure to keep you in trance. One can spend time getting engaged in yoga, meditation, fishing, kite flying, football, volleyball, cycling etc. Sunsets are quite unique and refreshing to watch at Thanni Beach. The Beaches have many a breakwaters to reduce the intensity of the waves and it makes the coast more safe. It is also home to many a fisherman community and one can easily spot many a fishing boats in the horizon during sunset. It makes Thanni Beach a must visit attraction in Kollam. Paravur is a beautiful beach- backwaters destination, around 20 kms south of Kollam. With a thin stretch of narrow land dividing the sea and Pravur lake, the beach is ideal to sit and gaze at the natural beauty. The presence of strong currents make it unsuitable for swimming or other water activities.

The Coastal road from Kollam connects Thanni Beach , Paravoor Beach, Kappil Beach, Edava Beach and finally to Varkala Beach. The coastal zone is split among Kollam and Trivandrum Districts. It is one of the unique and unexplored beaches in Kollam and it makes Thanni Beach a must visit attraction in Kollam.

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tangasseri light house

Tangasseri Light House, Kollam

Tangasseri Light house, kollam is an icon of ancient Quilon and is situated 5 km away from Kollam town in the state of Kerala. Tangasseri or ‘Dutch Quilon’ as it was called, was once a British enclave. Meaning ‘gold village’ in local parlance, this was the hub of a flourishing trade that used gold as currency. This seaside village of historic importance shelters the ruins of an Old Portuguese fort and churches built during the 18th century. Tangasseri Lighthouse is an icon of ancient Kollam and is situated 5 km away from Kollam town in the state of Kerala.

Tangasseri Light house, kollam boasts of being the second tallest on the entire coast of Kerala and is thus even one of the most visited lighthouses in the state on this account.It is one of the two lighthouses in the Kollam Metropolitan Area and is presently under the surveillance of the Chennai Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships. The majestic tower is clearly visible and distinct, with its painted red and white oblique bands, and looks pretty indeed in all its glory and majesty. The tower has a total height of 41 metres, or 135 feet, and has been operational since the year 1902. The beacon can be seen up to 13 miles out at sea. Check out the lighthouse at Thangasseri, which is open to visitors from 1530 – 1730 hrs. Get to see the sun setting and the moon rising simultaneously at Thangasseri on the drive down the Lighthouse Road, which gives you a breathtaking view of the sea as well. Lift facility has been installed at the lighthouse to help everyone reach the top of the lighthouse with ease.

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St.thomas fort

St. Thomas Fort Tangasseri, Kollam

Saint Thomas Fort Tangasseri, Kollam  is also known as Tangasseri Fort, is a ruined fort located in the beach town of Tangasseri on the shores of the Arabian Sea. It is located around 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the city centre of Kollam. It is situated right between the breakwater and Vaadi Fishing Harbour. 

Tangasseri was associated with the Chinese trade from the first millennium AD and later colonised by the Portuguese, Dutch and the British to become the “gold village”. According to Historians, Captain Rodriguez came to Quilon and was appointed as the captain of the factory and trade, with permission from the queen. St.Thomas Fort (once known as Fortaleza da São Tomé) was built by the Portuguese under Afonso de Albuquerque for the protection of the newly developed trade. In 1505 the Portuguese established a trading port here, and in 1518 established its sovereignty through the construction of St. Thomas Fort Tangasseri, Kollam Later in 1661 the town and the fort were handed over to the Dutch who made it the capital of Dutch Malabar. The Dutch occupied the fort for several years. In 1795, the British East India Company took possession of the fort. In 1823 Fort St. Thomas accepted a lease by Travancore from the British Government for a period of twenty years.

“Thangasseri” literally means “Gold village” in Malayalam language. The place was named as Thangasseri because this was the place where trade was done using gold as the currency. Thangasseri Fort was the favorite spot of the Dutch and the Portuguese. The Thangasseri Fort was constructed in the 16th century and right now only the ruins are left behind. The fort was about 20 feet tall. In olden times, Thangasseri was of strategic importance to the colonial powers that were constantly trying to establish their control of trade on the Malabar Coast. As per records, the Portuguese initially approached the Rani of Quilon in 1517 to construct a factory at Thangasseri for trade purposes, which was granted. However, it is believed that the locals subsequently burned down the factory. Although the Portuguese were given permission to rebuild the factory, they decided to build a fort instead. In 1519, the Thangassery Fort was constructed strategically on a promontory overlooking the choppy waters of the Arabian Sea. Thangasseri was sequentially under the Dutch who defeated the Portuguese in 1761 and then passed into British hands with the rout of the Dutch at Kochi in 1795.

The Portuguese Cemetery (after the invasion of Dutch, it became Dutch Cemetery) of Tangasseri in Kollam city, India, was constructed around 1519 as part of the Portuguese invasion of the city. Buckingham Canal, a small canal between Tangasseri Lighthouse and the cemetery, is situated very close to the Portuguese Cemetery. A group of pirates known as the Pirates of Tangasseri formerly lived at the Cemetery. The remnants of St. Thomas Fort and Portuguese Cemetery still exist at Tangasseri. 

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tangasseri breakwater

Tangasseri Breakwater – A Man made wonder

The historic Tangasseri village bearing the reminiscence of Dutch aBritish rule is set to become a breakwater tourism destination. The fishery harbour at Vaadi is a basin for traditional fishermen, achieved by the construction of two breakwaters originating from harbour engineering department. Tangasseri Breakwater, a man made wonder is located right next to the Light House and is one of the longest breakwaters in Kollam, Kerala.

The length of the main breakwater is 2100m and of the leeward breakwater 550 m. This provides sufficient beach length for landing facilities for all operational craft. The main entrance to the backwater begins from the Harbour Engineer Department Office Premises close to the light house. Entry is strictly with advance permission from the harbour engineering office. They do entertain tourists and general visitors who go for walking and cycling through the breakwater. The road through the breakwater is wide enough for a vehicle to drive through. However there is no permission for vehicles to enter the premises. It is quite an experience to walk or cycle through the Tangasseri Breakwater, a man made wonder while you enjoy a breath taking view of Arabian Sea, Light House, Kollam Port, Kollam Beach and The Quilon Beach Hotel. 

The area including the lighthouse at Tangasseri, a mascot of Kollam, will be developed into a tourism hotspot under the Rs 2.5-crore project. An amphitheatre will be the main attraction for tourists. The fund has been allotted by the tourism department based on the proposal put forward by the harbour engineering department. A tourist facilitation centre and the boating in the breakwaters will also be introduced as part of the project under the harbour engineering department. The project is said to be open to public by 2022. 

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vaadi one of the top fishing harbours in kerala

Vaadi, One of the top Fishing Harbours in Kerala

Vaadi is one of the top fishing harbours in Kollam, Kerala after Neendrakara Fishing Port. It’s home to a large settlement of fishermen community whose main livelihood is from the Arabian Sea.

Though the entire costal line of Kollam has Fishermen settlements, majority of them are settled near to the Vaadi & Thangasseri region and it makes Vaadi one of the top fishing destination in Kerala. One can easily reach Vaadi region as the port road connects Kollam beach and the Vaadi fishing harbour. Majority of the tourists and general public commutes to Thangasseri via the port road to have a glimpse of the harbour during the sunset. Sunset view of the harbour is mesmerising with golden shades of light over the blue ocean and many a fishing boats across the horizon of Arabian Sea. Many people prefer this port road for their routine walks and cycling just to experience the soothing breeze from the sea and the view of one of the top fishing harbours in Kerala.


Hundreds of boats go fishing everyday from the community and the fishes are sold by bidding at the Fish Market in Vaadi. The Fish Market is located right at the coastline. It will be mostly crowded with bidders, sellers, brokers and general public. Ideal time to visit the market is around 1pm-2pm noon time to get the best bargain buys. One can also find the brokers of large fish export companies bidding at the market for bulk bargain buys. If you plan to buy fish from the market directly then always make sure not to fall for the tricks of the brokers at the market as they tempt you to bid for a higher value by false bidding. The brokers usually have their friends around to make false bidding to lure in the newcomers to bid for higher values.  Never forget to carry your shopping bags too as you can only buy in bulk or a as single big fish ( usually to the range of 8-20 Kgs ). All this contribute to making vaadi one of the top fishing harbours in Kerala.

If you requirement is less then you can buy daily catches at the outlet of Fisheries Department, Government of Kerala.  The outlet is located opposite to the main entrance of The Quilon Beach Hotel, Kollam. You can also try the yummy seafood dishes served at The Quilon Beach Hotel, as you know they get them fresh right from the Vaadi Market. Fishes available at Vaadi is one of the world’s best and know for its taste and is exported to many countries across the world. 

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Kollam, Ancient Port City in Kerala.

Kollam an ancient port city in Kerala formerly known as Quilon/Coylang ( Coulão in Portuguese ) is situated on the Laccadive Sea coast of the Indian state of Kerala. You can reach Kollam Via Road, Train or Ship and it is located 70 KM to the north of Trivandrum, the capital city of Kerala. It is 75 KM drive from Trivandrum International Airport to Kollam for those who love to visit the city. Kollam is also know as the Land of Cashew Nuts, Coir, Black-pepper,  Seafood, Backwaters and it is often referred to as the Cashew Capital of the world. The name of Malayalam Calendar ( Kolla-Varsham ) originated from Kollam. Kollam kandavanu illam venda is a proverb in Malayalam which literally means for the one who has seen Quilon, he doesn’t need his home anymore. 


  22. MALAMEL 
  38. Vattathil Waterfalls
  39. Oliyarik Waterfalls
  40. Kumbhavurutty Manalar Waterfalls

After AD 23, so many merchants, travellers,  explorers, missionaries, apostles and army commanders visited Quilon, as Quilon was the most important trading port in India. Pliny, Saint Thomas, Mar Sabor and Mar Proth, Marco Polo, Ibn Battuta and Zheng He are a few of them. Pliny had mentioned about the port city of Quilon much accurately. Kollam is the most historic and ancient settlement in Kerala, probably in South India. In 822 AD, two East Syriac bishops Mar-Sabor and Mar-Proth, settled in Quilon with their followers. After the beginning of Kollam Era (824 AD), Quilon became the premier city of the Malabar region ahead of Travancore and Cochin. Kollam Port was founded by Mar Sabor at Thangasseri in 825 AD. Migration of East Syriac Christians to Kerala started in 4th century. Their second migration is dated to the year AD 823 and that was to the city of Quilon.

The Portuguese were the first Europeans came to the city of Quilon. They came as traders and established a trading centre at Tangasseri in Quilon during 1502. The then Queen of Quilon first invited the Portuguese to the city in 1501 for discussing about spices trade. But they refused that due to Vasco da Gama’s close relations with the Raja of Cochin. Later the Queen negotiated with the Raja and he permitted to send two Portuguese ships to Quilon to buy fine quality pepper. In 1503, the Portuguese General Afonso de Albuquerque went to Quilon as per the Queen’s request and collected required spices from there. Albuquerque heard that the Zamorin of Calicut was preparing a Calicut fleet of some 30 ships for Quilon. Afonso de Albuquerque left Cochin and hurried down to Quilon himself. Albuquerque signed a treaty of friendship with the Royal family of Quilon and established a factory there in 1503 itself, placing it under factor António de Sá, with two assistants and twenty armed men to protect the factory. That voyage was the beginning of trade relations between Portugal and city of Quilon, which became the centre of their trade in pepper. Soon, Quilon emerged as the richest town of the entire Malabar coast. The trade relation between Quilon and Portuguese got set back due to an insurrection happened at the Port of Quilon between the Arabs and the Portuguese. The captain of one of the Portuguese fleets saw an Arab ship is loading pepper from the port and that burst fighting between them. Aftermath, the battle started between them. 13 Portuguese men were killed including António de Sá and the St. Thomas church was burned down. To prevent further devastation, the Queen of Quilon signed a treaty with the Portuguese and as a result, they got customs tax exemption and monopoly over the spice and pepper tread with Quilon. The royal family of Quilon agreed to rebuild the destroyed church. The Portuguese conquered Quilon till 1661. They fought with the Arab traders and captured a huge amount of gold after killing more than 2000 Arab traders.

With the arrival of the Dutch and their peace treaty signing with Quilon, the Portuguese started losing their authority on Quilon and later, Quilon officially became a Dutch protectorate. Dutch arrived Quilon in the year 1658 and signed a peace treaty in 1659. Thus Quilon became the official protectorate of the Dutch and their officer in-charge, Rijcklof van Goens, placed a military troop in the city to protect it from probable invasions from Portuguese and the British. The West Quilon region including Tangasseri named as ‘Dutch Quilon’ then. St.Thomas Fort (once known as Fortaleza da São Tomé) was built by the Portuguese under Afonso de Albuquerque for the protection of the newly developed trade. In 1505 the Portuguese established a trading port here, and in 1518 established its sovereignty through the construction of Fort St. Thomas. Later in 1661 the town and the fort were handed over to the Dutch who made it the capital of Dutch Malabar. The Dutch occupied the fort for several years.

The Battle of Quilon was fought in 1809 between a troop of the Indian kingdom of Travancore led by the then Dalawa (prime minister) of Travancore, Velu Thampi Dalawa and the British East India Company led by Colonel Chalmers at Cantonment Maidan in Quilon. The battle lasted for only six hour and was the result of the East India Company’s invasion of Quilon and their garrison situated near the Cantonment Maidan. The company forces won the battle while all the insurrectionist who participated in the war were court-martialed and subsequently hanged at the maidan. Later, Venad Kingdom was completely merged with the Kingdom of Travancore during the rein of Marthanda Varma and Kollam remained as the capital of Travancore Kingdom. The Government Secretariat was also situated in Kollam till 1830s. It was moved to Thiruvananthapuram during the reign of Swathi Thirunal

Chamakada is an export and commercial hub of Kollam an ancient port city. The ancient Kollam city was one of the famous trade centers. Marco Polo, the great Venician traveller, who was in Chinese service under Kublahan in 1275, visited Kollam and other towns on the west coast, in his capacity as a Chinese mandarin. He pointed out that Old Kollam is the only town in west coast with multi-story buildings. We can see those buildings in the downtown area of Kollam even now. He found Christians and Jews living in Coilum (Kollam). He also found merchants from China and Arabia. He has given a detailed account of Kollam in his writings, extracts of which are reproduced in the Travancore Manual. Remnants of stone age was also found from Kollam an ancient port city in kerala, that reveals the importance of Kollam city. Kollam Canal is a bustling part of Trivandum-Shornur Canal (TS Canal) system, ideal for tourism and container transportation. The Inland Navigation Department is having jurisdiction over Kollam Canal. Kollam Canal was an arterial inland waterway of old Quilon city. It was the major trade channel of Travancore state that time. Giant cargo vessels ferrying different types of goods through this canal were a common view of Quilon city those days. Chamakada served as a harbour for unloading the goods brought by these vessels to Kollam. Processed cashew from various factories in the Cashew Capital along with other goods from the wholesale markets of old Quilon city for export was the major export material handled at Chamakada that time.

 Kollam is an ancient port city in Kerala and a paradise for tourists with its lovely beaches, lakes, backwaters, temples, heritage zones, food, art & crafts, hill stations, waterfalls, wildlife zones, ecotourism and adventure zones. Art forms like Kathakali and Karadi kali is very famous in Kollam. Crafts forms like Hay Art, Coconut Shell Products and Nettippattam is quite unique. 

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Kollam Beach Blog

Kollam Beach – The Most Visited Beach in Kerala

Kollam Beach the most visited beach in Kerala is situated at the heart of Kollam City and very near to Kollam Sea Port, Bus Station and Railway Station. It is one of the longest and most preferred beaches in Kerala, India. Right at the beach you can also spot The Quilon Beach Hotel ( Previously called The Beach Orchid Hotel ) the first five star hotel in Kollam.

The Kollam Beach also houses the Mahatma Gandhi Park, which was inaugurated in 1961, and has been a significant tourist attraction ever since.  An aquarium is also getting ready right at the beach. The backwaters are also very close to the beach with a boat terminal for inland navigation. One can see the magnificent Vaadi Fishing Harbour, Kollam Sea Port, Tangasseri Breakwater and Tangasseri Light House right from the beach. Mesmerising view of the sunrise, the sunset, the ships and the fishing boats adds feast to your eyes. Weekends are mostly crowded at the beach with large number of tourists and visitors from around the country. Various activities are available for kids at the nearby kids play areas while all can enjoy kite flying at the beach.

Voted as the first ‘Beach Wedding Destination‘ in Kerala, the Kollam Beach requires no introduction. This scenic and breathtaking natural wonder is also known as the Mahatma Gandhi Beach and boasts of pristine blue waters that seem to unite with the bright sky at an infinite distance, while tourists marvel at the sheer magnificence of the majestic scene. The Kollam Beach is brimming with a large number of local and international tourists all year round who can be seen enjoying the numerous activities that the beach offers, while also appreciating the enchanting panoramic views of the Arabian Sea. The cultural and spiritual aura of the beach is indeed contagious and fills the visitors with renewed energy and passions. 

Opening/Closing time : It is open 24X7

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